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Duplex ultrasound is used to evaluate blood flow, venous leak, signs of atherosclerosis, and scarring or calcification of erectile tissue. Injecting prostaglandin, a hormone-like stimulator produced in the body, induces erection. Ultrasound is then used to see vascular dilation and measure penile blood pressure. viagra online pharmacy There are no formal tests to diagnose erectile dysfunction. Some blood tests are generally done to exclude underlying disease, such as hypogonadism and prolactinoma. Diabetes is considered a disorder, but is also a risk. Impotence is also related to generally poor physical health, poor dietary habits, obesity, and most specifically cardiovascular disease such as coronary artery disease and peripheral vascular disease. viagra online pharmacy buy cheapest online place viagra viagra
And just what exactly does nitric oxide do? Blood vessels use the chemical as a signal to surrounding muscles to relax, which increases blood flow -- a necessity for staying erect. Are there physical causes of erectile dysfunction? A prior history of cigarette smoking, heart attacks, strokes, and poor circulation in the extremities suggest atherosclerosis as the cause of the erectile dysfunction. Diminished sensation of the penis and the testicles, bladder dysfunction, and decreased sweating in the lower extremities may suggest diabetic nerve damage. Loss of sexual desire and drive, lack of sexual fantasies, gynecomastia (enlargement of breasts), and diminished facial hair suggest low testosterone levels. There have been rare reports of priapism (prolonged and painful erections lasting more than six hours) with the use of PDE5 inhibitors such as sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil, especially when sildenafil is used in combination with injection of medications into the corpora cavernosa or intraurethral suppositories. Patients with blood cell diseases such as sickle cell anemia, leukemia, and multiple myeloma have higher than normal risks of developing priapism. Untreated priapism can cause injury to the penis and lead to permanent impotence. Therefore, sildenafil should not be used in combination with intraurethral suppositories and corpora cavernosa injections. If there is prolonged erection (longer than four hours), immediate medical assistance should be obtained. What Causes Erectile Dysfunction? Common causes of ED include diseases that affect blood flow, such as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) or venous leakage (weak veins); nerve diseases; psychological factors, such as stress, depression, and performance anxiety; and injury to the penis. Chronic illness, certain medications, and a condition called Peyronie's disease (scar tissue in the penis) can also cause ED. viagra online pharmacy cialis wholesale online buy cialis
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Before starting sildenafil for erectile dysfunction, a doctor may need to determine whether the heart can safely achieve the workload necessary for sexual activity. For example, in men with coronary artery heart disease, a doctor may perform a treadmill stress test to determine whether there is adequate blood supply to the heart muscle while exercising at levels comparable to sexual activity.